The Earthworm

Animal 15.

The Earthworm

Here you see a picture of the earthworm. 


I found this Earthworm under the tree trunk in my back yard. That tree trunk is standing there because my mother likes that. Under that tree trunk, there were also a some other animals, like the black garden ant, and next to it, there also was a moor frog. I think the Earthworm is a dirty animal, because he is so smooth and dirty.

The earthworm lives almost in the whole world except for Antarctica and dry climates.
He lives on the land, under the ground, between the sand. He also lives in freshwater.
The earthworm can become 9 to 30 centimeters. The body exists of many segments, 110 to 180.    The earthworm can become 10 years.

Vegetable dead food is eaten by the earthworm. He also eats rotting plants, leaves and poop of other animals. The earthworm also eats other earthworms when they are dead. De enimies of the earthworm are many different birds, hedgehogs, the mole and different insects like slugs, beetles and flatworms.
The earthorm is hermaphrodite. This means that he is a man but also a women. They come together and stick to eachother trougth the skin brush. Then they exchange the seedcels. The sperm stays in the earthworm untill his eggs are ready. During a couple of months the seed is good for producing eggs without a new fertilization.


The housefly

Animal 14.

The housefly

Here you see a picture of the fly.


I found this fly in my front yard. It was sitting on a leave of the hydrangea, in the sun. It was hard to take a good photo of him, because he flew away all the time, and then he moved again. But luckily he came back, so I could try it a lot of times!

The housefly can actually live everywhere. You can find him all over the world, except for extremely dry or cold areas. You can not find them in the desert, or on the pole. You can see the housefly a lot on farms, close to the cattle and on/close to garbage.

The housefly is a small insect. The average size is 7 millimeters big. The housefly can get 20-30 days old.

Everything that is food for human, is actually also edible for the housefly, but the housefly isn’t hygienic (He probably also sits on poop) so when he sat on your food, I think you shouldn’t eat it again.

You have probably ever seen a housefly on the eyes of a horse, or a cow. When the housefly is there, it ‘eats’ the tear fluid of the animals.

The housefly is eaten by almost every animals that eats insects, you can think of animals like the spider or the frog.


About reproducing:

An entomologist said:  ”If no baby gets an oppugnance in his/her development, one single wife can produce 5,6 billion babies, in 5 months.”

The housefly can mate the whole year. They always mate on the ground, and never in the air.

The woman lays her eggs on fertilizer, garbage, dead animals or rotting food.

She can lay 900 of these white eggs, and after 12 – 36 hours, there come larves out of these eggs. When it’s very warm, they can even come out after 8 hours.

At least, the baby changes into a cocoon. Then the shape changes, and the fly is developping into a real fly.

If the cocoon is in a warm temperature, it will come out in 3/4 days. When the temperature is lower, the process will be finshed in 4/5 days. And when the temperature is around 14 degrees Celsius, it can take a month for the cocoon to get ready.


The Moor frog

Animal 13.

The Moor frog

Here you see a picture of a moor frog.


I found this frog in my backyard. It was sitting close to a piece of tree trunk. Under that tree, I also found a black garden ant, and an earth worm. It wasn’t very surprising that we found this frog, because we always find a lot of frogs in our garden in spring. The moor frog lives in Europe but not around the Mediterranean sea. He also lives in a part of Asia. The moor frog likes to live on open places with small waters and also open places in the forest. The maximum size is 8 centimeters long.

In March, the moor frogs go to a place with water, where they want to mate. The men stay there for some weeks, the women stay there for some days. The women drops the eggs on water plants, and sometimes on the bottom of the water. The eggs are dropped in large groups. Every group exist of 500-3000 eggs. Every egg is 6-8 millimeter. After 2-4 weeks, the tadpoles come out of the eggs. After 2-3 years, they are adults. The moor frog can get 10 years old.

The larvae of the moor frog eat thing like algae and some small insects like mites and ticks. The adult moor frog eats insects, worms, slugs, spiders and flies. The frogs themselves are eaten by birds like the stork and the buzzard. The larvae are eaten by water insects.


The rudd

Animal 12.

The rudd

Here you see a picture of a rudd.


We found this rudd when we went to the polder.

I went there with Tess and Deena. We saw 4 men, fishing in the ditch/river.

We went to them, to ask if they had caught some fish. But they didn’t, so we waited and after 10 minutes, one man caught a fish and he told us it was a rudd. I thought it was nice to go to the polder with Tess and Deena. We had a lot of fun, while we also got photo’s of animals that we could describe at home.

The Rudd is a kind of a carp. It lives in freshwater, and if it’s possible, a still or a slow-flowing river with some water plants in it. You can find him all over the Benelux, so these are The Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. The rudd can get 35 centimeters big. The one that we got, was only about 15 centimeters big, so we got a small one! The age of the rudd is between 15 and 20 years old. Some rudds can get even 25 years old.

I think the rudd looks funny, because it’s a kind of a normal fish, and when you see his mouth, he has a very funny lower lip. I think he looks really sad by that.

The rudd eats a lot of different types of food. He eats insects, shellfish, even water plants, and also water fleas.

The spawning season of the rudd, starts when the temperature gets above the 15 degrees Celsius. (Most of the time from May until July) The green eggs are dropped by the women, on the side of the ditch so between and on water plants. After around 5 days, the larvae come out. These larvae stay hanging on the water plants for a few days. After that, they are going to swim and they feed themselves with algae and little animals.


The Warana turtle

Animal 11.

The Warana turtle

Here you see a picture of the Warana turtle I found.


I found this turtle in Surinam. We were on vacation, some years ago. (The picture is a little bit dark, sorry for that.)

We went to Brokopondo, and there, in the river, we saw a little turtle swimming. It was a bit special for me, to see a little cute turtle, I think we found a baby, because he was very small.

The Warana turtle lives a lot in tropical rivers. You can find the Warana turtle around the equator, in the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean. The turtle swims along all of the continents. So that’s also in the area where Surinam is. They lay the eggs all over the world!

The maximum size of the Warana turtle is 70 centimeter long, so I really think I saw a baby in Surinam, because it was much smaller than 70 centimeters. They eat things like bivalves, shrimp, crabs, fish, jellyfish and slugs. If the Warana turtle doesn’t have enough of this food, it can eat algae/seaweed. He finds his food at the bottom of a river or sea, between the sand. The Warana turtle doesn’t have a lot of enemies, because it is a strong animal because of his shell. Sometimes the female Warana turtle can be attacked by a jaguar, if the turtle sits on her nest.

The Warana turtle mates most of the time close to the beach. The woman can store the sperm of the man, so she can later inseminate the eggs. The woman lays her eggs on the land. There the women search each other, and then they stay in a group and breed at the same time. That is called an arribada, which means meeting in Mexican. There is no specific breeding season. The nest is build 50 meters away from the water, and the women can produce 2/3 nests a year. Each nest has about 110 eggs in it. After 50/60 days, the eggs will come out. When the eggs come out, most of them will be eaten by animals like like a predatory fish and a seagull.


The mole

Animal 10.

The Mole

Here you see a picture of the mole.


This mole was found in the backyard of people I know.

They live in Haarlem, in a semi-detached house.

The mole was already dead when they found him.


The mole lives under the ground, where there’s sand.

There it digs holes. The mole makes the soil airy and drains it.

People really do not like the moles, because they ruin their lawns.

Actually the moles do good work, because the make the soil airy,

and they clean up some damaging insects.

The mole has thick black hairs, which are grey on his belly.

He only doesn’t hav hair on the bottom of his hands/claws/feet.

His coat is so thick and protecting, that he doesn’t feel the sand and the water under the ground.

His coat also protects him a bit for the low temperatures.


The mole has very small eyes, they are even as big as a pinhead.

He is almost completely blind.

The mole doesn’t have visible ears. He ‘hears’ with his wishkers.

The mole gets between 125 and 165 centimeters long. (Inclusive his tail; 2,5 cm)

And it gets about 3 years old.


The mole starts to mate in March and April,before that time, the male mole searches for a female mole.

After they mate, the man goes away and they wife starts to make a nest, made of grass, moss and arid leaves.

The mole is a mammel, and after a pregnancy of 4/5 weeks, the new babies born. Every nest has an average of 4/5 babies. After 3 weeks, they are completely developped. The moles are suckled by their mommy for the first 5 weeks of their life. After that, they stay for 2/3 weeks in the same hallways as their mom, and then they leave each other. 


A mole can be eaten by animals as the stork, heron, falcon, hawk, owl, fox, weasel and  the cat.

Worms are the main food of the mole, it is 90 % of all of the food the mole eats. That means about 90 worms each day. Some other things the mole eats, are larves of insects, young mice, slugs and young frogs.


The red squirrel

Animal 9.

The red squirrel.

Here you see a picture of a red squirrel.

eekhoorn h. -)

I didn’t make this picture by myself, because I saw the squirrel when i cycled to school.

And I didn’t have any time to search for my mobile phone because the squirrel was very quick and I only saw him for less than a second.

I saw him along the road. He was climbing up, into a tree. And he was very fast!

It was in a tree close to my school. It wasn’t very surprising that we saw him, because our school is just next to the moorland. But anyway I thought it was a bit exciting to see a squirrel.🙂


The red squirrel lives in Europe and in North-Asia.

The red squirrel can climb, swim and fly very good. When a squirrel climbs, it grabs the tree very strong with the small kind of claws it got. When it ‘flies’ the red squirrel spreads the limbs, and then the loose skin helps him to stay in the air. The tail makes sure that the squirrel can choose in which direction he/she wants to fly to.

The red squirrel is called RED squirrel but the colour of his hair can vary from almost black, to beige. Everything between are the colours like brown and red. The squirrel I saw, was a bit brown.

The red squirrel can get 18-24 centimeters big, and the general weight is 300 grams.

It can get 3-7 years old when they are wild. They can become 10 years old in captivity.

The squirrel eats things like nuts and seeds of spruce and pine trees.

It also eats mushrooms, pieces of bark and some living things as insects and eggs of birds, and sometimes small birds.

Some enemies of the red squirrel are pets like cats and dogs and animals like a marten and a raptor.


The red squirrel is a mammal, that means that the red squirrel doesn’t lay eggs.

The babies come as living small squirrels right away out of the belly of their mommy.

The squirrels propagate the most from January until March. The woman caries the baby for 38 days.

Most of the time the babies born between March and May. The outside of the nest in which the squirrel come to the world is made from twigs. The inside is made of moss and grass.

The nest is build in a tree, at least 6 meters above the ground, and close to the stem of the tree.

A female qsuirrel gets between 1-8 babies. The average nest has 3 babies.

Only the wife takes care of the children. After 6/7 weeks, the babies come out of the nest for the first time. After 10-16 weeks, they are independent.